Alec is a rising student at the University of Chicago on a gap year to pursue political and economic research internships in the D.C. and NYC area. Alec has experience as the former State President of New Jersey DECA and the volunteer coordinator for his mayor's congressional campaign in 2020. His background in economic research combines both his historical and analytical skills to focus on monetary economics, finance, and financial technology. Alec hopes to pursue a career in venture capital or private equity where he can transfer his economic knowledge to real-world financial activity.
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July 21, 2021Read the Article ↗
This article seeks to demonstrate the fundamental properties of quantitative easing (QE) with historical examples and data from the U.S. and Japan. I focus on both positive and negative consequences of QE, which include fears of inflation, moral hazard, and liquidity effects. Without making policy prescriptions, I impartially conclude the benefits and drawbacks of historical examples of QE. Drawing from the abundance of data, I clarify why QE is an asset swap and not a mechanism of money creation, thus dismissing claims that QE prompts hyperinflation. In terms of drawbacks, I warrant the moral hazard that QE can cause when the Federal Reserve fails to disincentivize poor lending behavior by financial institutions. Overall, QE is an evolving unorthodox branch of monetary policy, and its benefits and shortcomings are becoming clearer as policymakers continue utilizing it.